Measurement of Riding Situation Awareness Among Malaysian Motorcyclists Using a Video-Based Assessment Approach
Keywords:Riding situation awareness, video-based assessment, Novice motorcyclists, SAGAT, MRSAA, MIROS
A video-based Motorcycle Riding Situation Awareness Assessment method (MRSAA) was developed in-house by a team of researchers from the Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (MIROS) and used to assess motorcyclists’ situation awareness (SA). A total of 264 participants comprised of an older adult motorcyclist group (n = 79, mean age = 35.5 years, mean riding exposure = 1,029.1 km per month) and a young motorcyclist group (n = 185, mean age = 19.7 years, mean riding exposure = 722.2 km per month) completed the assessment. Results indicated that the average total SA score (maximum 100%) for all participants was very low (23.2%), with the average score for Level 1 SA (perception) of only 27.5%. Results of an independent samples t-test indicated a significant difference in the SA total score between younger and older motorcyclists (t111.12 = 5.93, p < .001). The average SA total score for the older motorcyclist group was 17.4% higher than the average SA total score for the younger group. The differences in Level 1 SA scores between the two groups was also significant (t131.82 = 4.64, p < .001). Pearson correlation analysis indicated that motorcyclists with higher kilometres driven per month tended to have higher total SA scores and give more accurate responses to level 3 SA queries. Results of the Pearson correlation also indicated that age is positively correlated with all individual levels of SA. For older adult motorcyclists, their performances in the assessment of the lower level SA were found to have a significant influence on their performances in the assessment of the higher level SA. Considering the impact of age and riding exposure on situation awareness, the present study recommends that the learner motorcyclists to be trained and tested for a competency related to SA to increase their readiness to ride safely on the Malaysian roads.
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