An Analysis of Right-Turning Vehicles and Gap Acceptance Behaviour Models on Malaysian Rural Roads

Authors

  • Fajaruddin Mustakim Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Institute IR4.0, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Malaysia Multimedia University
  • Azlan Abdul Aziz Research Management Center, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Malaysia Multimedia University
  • Motohiro Fujita Member of JSCE, Professor, Graduate School of Eng. Nagoya Institute of Technology Gokiso, Showa, Nagoya Aichi, 466-8555, Japan
  • Wisinee Wisetjindawat Member of JSCE, Professor, Graduate School of Eng. Nagoya Institute of Technology Gokiso, Showa, Nagoya Aichi, 466-8555, Japan
  • Mohammad Nazir Ahmad Institute IR4.0, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nur Sabahiah Abdul Sukor School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300, Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia

Keywords:

Gap Acceptance Behaviour, Logistic Regression, Conflict Analysis, Gap pattern

Abstract

Road accidents are regarded as a leading cause of both human and financial losses in countries at

all stages of development. In Malaysia, 548,598 accidents occurred in the year 2018 alone. This resulted in an average of 16 people killed every day due to traffic accidents. The key objective of this study is to recognize the causal factors such as dangerously moving vehicles that largely contribute to the occurrence of traffic accidents, critical injuries and deaths at points of access or in this case, the unsignalised intersection. The study focused on right-turning vehicles (RTVs) demonstrating gap acceptance and conflict analysis at three unsignalised intersections along Federal Route 50 (Ft 50). The selected intersections were located in Road Sections (RS) 10, 9, and 2. Logistic regression was used to develop analysis models of gap acceptance behaviour. In analysing gap acceptance, five gap patterns were suggested to incorporate each potential gap pattern displayed by RTVs in a range between large and small roads at a T-junction. The study findings were used to thoroughly examine how drivers behave with regard to gap acceptance and serious conflicts, utilizing the suggested gap patterns displayed by RTVs. The paper demonstrated how second vehicle variables influenced the acceptance of shorter gaps by RTVs. Such variables included serious nose-tail and angular conflicts, and also when motorbikes or passenger cars were the vehicles going past the RTVs. Meanwhile, a longer gap was accepted by RTVs encountering traffic lights and channelization. From the investigations conducted as part of the study, the main proposal is for average gap pattern 3 at unsignalised intersection to form the basis for developing feasible countermeasures for road accidents.

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Published

2021-05-01

How to Cite

Mustakim, F., Abdul Aziz, A., Fujita, M., Wisetjindawat, W., Ahmad, M. N., & Abdul Sukor, N. S. (2021). An Analysis of Right-Turning Vehicles and Gap Acceptance Behaviour Models on Malaysian Rural Roads. International Journal of Road Safety, 2(1), 45–53. Retrieved from http://ijrs.my/journal/article/view/24

Issue

Section

Original Articles